Wood is a versatile material that assumes different purposes in construction. It can be used to structure houses, assemble roofs, floors, doors, windows and furniture. The material also stands out in the market because it is timeless and has an aesthetic charm.
What this article covers:
Types of wood: where to use each one?
Check it out below where to use each type of wood at home🇧🇷
For the structure of the house: it is recommended to work with high-density wood, as the heavier it is, the greater the mechanical strength and durability. Among the indicated species, it is worth mentioning: Cumaru, Jatobá, Pequiá, Roxinho and Itaúba.
for roof: medium density woods are more appropriate, as is the case of Garapeira, cambará, cupiúba and angelim-vermelho. Each species may have a disadvantage, such as bad smell, rapid rotting or ease of attracting termites.
For garnishes: the woods must have straight and dry fibers, as is the case with freijó, cedro-rosa, jequitibá-rosa and angelim-pedra.
For furniture: the most recommended wood species is ironwood.
For stairs, doors and windows: these pieces acquire good quality when they are manufactured with yellow ipê.
To be eco-friendly: reforestation wood favors nature, after all, they can be cut when they are 10 or 15 years old, while the others take up to 30 years to grow. The lack of resistance of the trees calls for a specific treatment to be used in the construction of the house. Pine and eucalyptus are examples of species.
Truths about wood
It is very important to know how to care for and conserve wood. Check out some tips below:
• The wooden house should not be built in wet areas, after all, the wood will behave like a sponge, which absorbs water and expands, leading to rotting;
• A whole wooden house it also needs a chemically treated soil to keep termites away;
• The wood used to build the house needs to go through the complete drying process;
• All exposed wood must be protected. At layers of varnishes appear as the most common form of protection;
• A best wood to apply in a humid place is mastic. In dry and hot places, the indicated options are maçaranduba and itaúba;
• To paint the wood, it is necessary to sand, seal and use specific paints. Masonry products are not recommended as they form a blistering finish that can peel.