Voluntary resignation can be a termination option for an employee who no longer intends to continue providing services to a particular company, but it can also be part of a company’s POS strategy.
In both cases it is important to be aware of rights and duties. Let’s try to understand a little more about this subject in the text below, follow along.
What is a voluntary resignation?
Voluntary dismissal is when the employee chooses to leave his or her job without just cause or dismissal by the company. Consequences include the loss of labor rights such as unemployment insurance and proportional vacations, and may also affect future professional references, depending on the case.
This form of dismissal can be negotiated directly with the company, and in some cases it is possible to obtain compensation, even in the case of voluntary dismissal, but this will depend on your working relationship with the company.
There is also the Voluntary Dismissal Plan (PDV), which is a strategy used by companies to reduce the number of employees without causing involuntary dismissals. In this plan, the company offers employees financial compensation so that they choose to resign voluntarily.
The PDVs are usually negotiated with the unions so that there is no loss for employees who are part of that category.
What are the main reasons people voluntarily resign?
The main reasons people resign voluntarily include:
- Better employment opportunity;
- Unsatisfactory work environment;
- Lack of professional growth;
- Excessive displacement;
- Personal or family problems.
But before making the decision for voluntary dismissal, it is essential to be sure of your choice of dismissal, after all, this can be a process that, once started, cannot be undone and some companies have deadlines for rehiring and others do not rehire former employees.
Is there any difference between a voluntary resignation and a layoff?
Yes, there is a distinction between voluntary resignation and dismissal. Voluntary dismissal happens when the employee chooses to leave the job without a valid reason or dismissal by the company.
On the other hand, dismissal occurs when the company terminates the employment contract with the employee, either for just cause (for example, inappropriate employee behavior) or without just cause (for no apparent reason).
In case of dismissal, the employee is entitled to receive compensation and labor benefits, while in the case of voluntary dismissal, these rights may not be granted.
Is it possible to request a voluntary resignation by email or telephone?
It is indeed possible to request a resignation by email or telephone, but it is recommended that it be done in a formal and written form, such as, for example, a letter delivered in person or sent by post, to avoid misunderstandings or future legal issues. .
Furthermore, it is important to consider that, when requesting a voluntary dismissal, the employee must comply with prior notice, if any, and observe other contractual obligations.
What are the consequences of a voluntary resignation?
First of all, it is important to highlight that voluntary dismissal does not entitle workers to compensation or benefits, such as proportional vacations and 13th salary, unless there is an agreement between the parties.
Additionally, voluntary dismissal may impact the right to unemployment insurance, the length of social security contribution and the chances of future retirement.
Therefore, as previously mentioned, before taking the decision to resign voluntarily, it is important to carefully evaluate the consequences before starting this process, in order to avoid loss of benefits or problems with professional history.