Imagine that your current car could accelerate from 0 to 100 kilometers per hour in 2 or 3 seconds; that he could put fuel in his own house; that the maintenance was minimal due to the fact that it has few moving parts; that its characteristics will constantly improve thanks to new functions that are sent to you at night by Internet; that you could park alone; and that on top of that it did not pollute the planet. These are some of the benefits that millions of users of Tesla electric cars have today, the largest manufacturer of such vehicles in the world.
It is because of these advantages that some analysts believe that the gasoline and diesel cars that almost all of us use today are an endangered species, and that electric vehicles will be the future. In fact, dozens of countries have already announced that they will stop selling new gasoline cars in a few years, and several manufacturers have said they will stop producing them in the future. In addition, the overflowing prices of gasoline that we are experiencing are giving even more arguments to that transition. The only thing we don’t know yet is how many years – or decades – the migration to these new vehicles will take.
In Colombia we do not notice the revolution that is taking place in the world, perhaps because the electric cars that are offered here are quite expensive. Several manufacturers already sell electric cars in the country, including Renault, Nissan and BMW. And although Tesla is not directly in Colombia, the cars of this American manufacturer are sold here through importers, which has a wide advantage from the technological point of view over all its rivals. Tesla, a company led by Elon Musk, is transforming the automotive industry in a similar way to how Apple revolutionized the smartphone market when it launched the iPhone.
Tesla has made technological advances that no one else in the auto industry has. Its batteries are the most advanced, its cars are the fastest, and the use of computers, software and artificial intelligence (AI) has turned its cars into digital marvels that are second to none, at least for now. There is no doubt that this company is responsible for much of the boom that electric vehicles are experiencing, since Tesla turned them into sexy, powerful, appealing machines that are in great demand.
Thanks to this, Tesla, a company founded just 19 years ago, is already the most valuable car manufacturer in the world (its stock market value is 748 billion dollars), above – and very far from – companies that sell many cars. more cars and bill much more. Toyota, the world’s largest manufacturer, sold 10 times more cars than Tesla in 2021; however, its stock market value is 215 billion dollars (third is Volkswagen, whose value is 97 billion dollars).
The transition to electric cars is already showing important figures: 9 percent of all cars sold in the world in 2021 were electric, according to the International Energy Agency (6 million electric cars were sold). It is a large growth compared to 2019, when electric vehicles only represented 2.5 percent of the total number of cars sold on the planet; and compared to 2020, when they were 4.1 percent.
Another representative fact is this: in December 2021, sales of electric cars exceeded those of diesel vehicles in Europe for the first time. 20 percent of all cars sold on that continent were electric, an even more relevant fact considering that diesel cars used to be the most popular in Europe due to tax exemptions that made them cheaper than gasoline. In China, 20% of new cars are also electric.
Europe and China are ahead of the United States in this transition, but in the latter country things are changing rapidly. “This transformation is real. The demand for electric vehicles is well above what we can supply,” said John Lawler, Ford’s chief financial officer, this month, after that company announced a growth in sales of electric cars of 140% in the second quarter of 2022. (compared to the same period in 2021).
“Americans are buying electric vehicles at a record pace, undeterred by rising prices and long waits for delivery, one more indication that the twilight of the internal combustion engine is on the horizon,” says a recent analysis. of The New York Times newspaper.
In a publication from January this year, the International Energy Agency (IEA) says: “In the world of clean energy, few areas are as dynamic as the market for electric cars. In 2012, 130 thousand electric cars were sold in the world. Today, that amount is sold in a single week. The growth has been particularly notable in the last three years, even as the global pandemic has shrunk the traditional car market.”
However, the migration to this new technology will not be as fast for a simple reason: there are too many gasoline- and diesel-based cars in the world. There are an estimated 1.4 billion gasoline and diesel cars and trucks in the world, and it could be more than 20 years before they reach their useful life cycle.
What is a fact is that gasoline cars will gradually cease to be produced. In fact, by the end of 2021, six major carmakers and the governments of 30 countries have committed to phasing out sales of new gasoline and diesel cars in leading markets by 2035 (and by 2040 worldwide). .
But something very important is still missing for electric cars to become widespread: prices to drop, since they are currently ridiculously high. Until those vehicles become more affordable, most of us will continue to buy gasoline cars.
For now, and while this trend that will mark the future of transportation is getting closer to our pockets, in ENTER magazine we took an in-depth look at the technological characteristics of these vehicles. We focus mainly on Tesla models for a reason: Tesla works as a Silicon Valley company -in fact, it was born there-, not as a traditional car manufacturer, and that is why it has achieved the most interesting technological advances, and it is the one that best shows what our cars will look like in the future.
Until a few years ago, the image we had of electric cars was that of low-speed vehicles, low autonomy and not very attractive designs. Tesla changed that to a level that is surprising: in 2021, the publication Motor Trend reported that Tesla’s Model S Plaid had become the fastest accelerating car on the planet: it can go from zero to 100 kilometers per hour in just 2 .06 seconds. Thus, he broke the record set by the Ferrari SF90 Stradale in 2021 (2.10 seconds), a car that in turn had dethroned the Porsche 911 Turbo S (2.24 seconds).
But that is not the only feature of electric cars that will surprise you. In issue 274 of ENTER we tell you how easy it is to recharge those cars in Colombia, how people who live in buildings and not in houses recharge them, we explain why these cars have a much higher acceleration than gasoline cars , why they require less maintenance, what software and artificial intelligence features make them so special, and what are some of the models that are sold in Colombia.
In this edition of ENTER we also tell you what are the most common scams on WhatsApp; what advice Spotify gives to people who want to create a podcast; and we talked about the revelations of a Hireline study of the IT job market in Colombia, which showed, among others, that the average salary in that field is 16 million pesos a month if one speaks English.
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Opening Photo: Martin Katler/Unsplash