Heart disease is an increasingly present concern. Angina pectoris, severe pain in the chest, is an alarm signal.
THE angina pectoris It is one of cardiovascular problems that are often forgotten when chest discomfort arises.
When there is pain or discomfort in the heart, people tend to associate the episode with a heart attack. But, contrary to popular belief, heart pain does not always mean a heart attack. The truth is that there are many other pathologies related to this problem and it is important that you know how to identify the signs.
Interestingly, this is a more common problem among men, especially middle-aged or older men, but the female population may also have to face this pathology.
angina pectoris: what are the symptoms and causes?
Angina pectoris, which can also be called angor pectorisis characterized by a chest pain or discomfort and results from deficient oxygenation of heart muscle cells. This happens because blood flow is reduced due to the narrowing or blockage of the coronary arteries.
Generally, it is seen as a symptom and not so much as a disease itself, since it is usually related to a coronary disease.
This happens when fatty deposits form on the walls of blood vessels. However, it should be noted that, in some cases, this problem may precede a myocardial infarction.
They exist two types of angina pectoris: stable and unstable. The first is characterized by persistent and recurrent pain, more common in people who make physical efforts; the second, on the contrary, is a sudden pain in the chest.
In addition to pain and the feeling of pressure and tightness in the heart, angina pectoris has other symptoms. The pain can spread to the throat, jaw, back, and even the stomach.
However, angina pectoris can include manifestations as out of the ordinary as sweats, nausea, dizziness, shortness of breath, fatigue, and anxiety. That said, the list of symptoms you need to be aware of is long.
Interestingly, there are those who suffer silent episodes of angina pectoris and, therefore, without any kind of clinical manifestation. In these cases, the problem is only detected on an electrocardiogram.
Since angina pectoris is related to a reduced blood supply to the heart, this problem tends to arise during physical exertion. In the case of stable angina, for example, rest may help it to improve and gradually subside.
Other factors that may influence the onset of angina include the stress and tobacco consumption. On the other hand, diseases and health problems can also trigger these cardiac episodes:
In any case, to better interpret the symptoms and treat the problem, it is best to consult a doctor who will advise you in the most correct way. Sometimes, treatment that involves the use of medication or even hospital procedures may be necessary.