Disabilities and serious illnesses are mostly permanent, which still do not have a cure and seriously impair health, productivity and functioning, thus affecting financial situations. In this sense, Brazilian legislation establishes rights and benefits for people with serious illnesses or disabilities.
The law determined which are the diseases and disabilities that make the bearer of them able to access rights and benefits, check them out now.
What this article covers:
- What are serious illnesses under the law?
- What are the rights and benefits of people with serious illnesses?
What are serious illnesses under the law?
The diseases that legislation consider how serious they are:
- AIDS (Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome): Illness caused in the immune system caused by HIV virus infection;
- Mental alienation: Mental state resulting from a psychic illness that damages cognitive processes, where the individual becomes unable to conduct his social life;
- Severe heart disease: Consists of the illness of the heart, in such a way that it loses functionality and causes the bearer inability to manage his social and professional life;
- Blindness (including monocular): Inability to see, total or partial loss of vision;
- Radiation contamination: Illness of the brain, nervous system and loss of productivity of blood cells;
- Paget’s disease in advanced stages (Osteitis Deformans): Consists of bone remodeling, affecting the bones;
- Parkinson’s disease: Tremors that disappear during movement, causing difficulties in starting and continuing movement;
- Multiple sclerosis: Disease that affects the optic nerves, spinal cord and brain, disturbing the sending of orders to the body;
- Ankylosing spondyloarthritis: Injury to the spine that makes movement impossible;
- Cystic fibrosis (Mucoviscidosis): Genetic disease that affects the lungs, digestive system and pancreas;
- Leprosy: Loss of or decrease in thermal, tactile, painful sensitivity and muscle strength;
- Severe nephropathy: cause renal failure, leading to life-threatening and incapacity to work.
- Severe liver disease: Affects the liver causing severe functional impairment and structural alteration;
- Malignant neoplasm (cancer): Uncontrolled proliferation of cells that spread, compromising the body in general;
- Irreversible and disabling paralysis: Severe and extensive disorders that affect mobility, trophicity and sensitivity;
- Active tuberculosis: when the disease is producing symptoms, which can be passed on to other people.
This list can be modified at any time, as new diseases may emerge.
See now what are the rights and benefits that can be acquired by those who have serious illnesses.
- Exemption from income tax regarding retirement, retirement and pension;
- Exemption from Tax on Industrialized Products;
- IOF exemption;
- The withdrawal of money from PIS and FGTS;
- Social Support;
- 25% increase in disability retirement;
- Social Tariff;
- Discharge of own house;
- Exemption from payment of public transport;
- Exemption from Tax on Ownership of Motor Vehicles;
- Exemption from Tax on Circulation of Goods;
In order for the person to acquire these rights and benefits, they will have to undergo medical expertise or prove it through reports and medical examinations.