HomeLIFESTYLEMost common diseases in men: do you know what they are?

Most common diseases in men: do you know what they are?

There are more common diseases in men that can be prevented or anticipated, through screening or exams.

Men and women are physiologically and biologically distinct and this can interfere with the most frequent pathologies in either gender or the other. In this case, let’s talk about the most common diseases in men, some of which are related to a higher prevalence of certain risk factors in these individuals, as is the case of smokinggives obesity or a sedentary lifestyle, for example. Get to understand better.

The most common diseases in men that you should know

Knowing which are the most common diseases in men essentially serves to pay greater attention to some aspects such as the risk factors that trigger these pathologies, but also to carry out more tests and screenings that allow detecting and diagnosing these problems as early as possible. Pay attention to the following information.

cardiovascular problems

At cardiovascular diseases affect men more than women, especially up to 50 years of age.

The reason for this has to do with the existence of risk factors, such as hormonal disorders, arterial hypertensionO high cholesterolsmoking, diabetesobesity, alcoholism and sedentary lifestyle .

Cardiovascular problems can be the cause of various health complications, and can even lead to death, and it is estimated that in 2030 they will even be the cause of death for 25 million people (data from the World Health Organization).

Tumors of the trachea, bronchi and lung

In Portugal, these tumors are more prevalent and deadly in males. One of the risk factors for these tumors is smoking, which is also a more common addiction among men.

In addition, certain mutations on the Y chromosome (male chromosome) can increase the risk of getting cancer and even dying from this disease.

prostate cancer

In addition to being an exclusively male disease, this is the second most common cause of cancer death among men. This is even the second most common male tumor in men over 50 years of age.

For this reason, it is important for men from 45/55 years of age to carry out an annual PSA measurement and prostatic palpation through digital rectal examination.

prostate cancer

See too
Prostate cancer: everything you need to know

kidney stone

the emergence of kidney stones it also seems to be more common among men compared to women. However, this prevalence may vary depending on factors such as geography, climate, ethnicity, diet and genetics.

Obstructive Sleep Apnea Syndrome

This is another more common problem among men and the explanation for this may lie in obesity, which is also a more frequent problem in males and is responsible for 40% to 60% of cases of Obstructive Sleep Apnea Syndrome🇧🇷

In addition, in men, fat tends to accumulate in the abdominal region, which contributes to a reduction in lung expansion capacity, and in the neck area, which can lead to narrowing of the airways.

Pneumonia

Men are also more likely to suffer and even die from pneumoniaas they bring together more risk factors, such as smoking, institutionalization, immunosuppression (cocovirus HIV🇧🇷 chronic obstructive pulmonary diseaseheart failure, convulsion, cerebrovascular accident (stroke) with sequelae, for example, in swallowing, cancer, diabetes and kidney disease serious.

The low control of chronic diseases and low adherence to therapies also contributes to the occurrence of more cases of pneumonia among men.

Article originally published in November 2021. Updated in November 2022.

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