Hiatus, inguinal, disc, umbilical and incisional hernia. Know the most common types of hernia and the different treatments.
One hernia it is a small projection that occurs in a certain region of the body, as a result of a weakness or weakness of the membrane that protects that organ.
In the case of hiatal hernia, for example, there may be a slippage of the stomach into the chest. We still have to consider the incisional one, which can be a consequence of a surgical intervention.
One of the causes of abdominal hernias is, as we mentioned, the fact that the abdominal wall is weaker, which is what happens after a certain area has been intervened. In this case, if there is any extraordinary effort, as this region is more fragile, a projection may appear.
Hernia: everything you need to know
We can distinguish between abdominal herniaswhere the umbilical and inguinal hernias are inserted; herniated discsassociated with spinal injuries; hiatal hernias and also, incisional hernias??
In the case of the abdominals, these are distinguished by the fact that the abdominal wall presents some weakness and, as a result, a bulge can be seen, that visible bulge. This bulge is actually soft tissue that “pokes out”.
Still with regard to umbilical hernia, where a small protrusion is also visible, this results from the fact that the abdominal muscles have not closed completely, and is therefore more common in babies.
the different types
Pain in the back, arms and legs; tingling in the upper and lower limbs. These are some of the indicators of a herniated disc. However, in addition to these signs, it is also necessary to consider neck pain, which covers the trapezius region, extending from the nape of the neck to the shoulders.
The intervertebral disc consists of an annulus fibrosus and the nucleus pulposus; the latter being protected by the annulus. Thus, pain occurs when there is a kind of fissure and/or wear in the annulus fibrosus, in which the nucleus pulposus can come into contact with a nerve, thus causing compression of the hernia.
Since pain occurs when there is a displacement of the intervertebral disc, symptoms will vary depending on which nerve is being compressed by the herniation.
This type of injury tends to appear between the ages of 35 and 55, with a higher probability of manifesting in men. However, it is important to bear in mind that injuries involving the lumbar region take a long time to recover. Even so, a very useful treatment that can alleviate low back pain is physiotherapy, often supplemented with appropriate medication for the purpose.
Hiatus hernia arises following the sliding of abdominal organs. Generally speaking, the upper part of the stomach slides into the chest through the hiatus in the diaphragm.
The hiatus is characterized by being a small hole in the diaphragm, the muscle that separates the thorax from the abdomen. In this sense, one of the main symptoms is gastroesophageal reflux, heartburn and difficulty swallowing.
Hiatal hernia is a problem that affects about 60% of the population over 60 years of age worldwide. When the hernia is large, surgical correction may be necessary. However, this decision is usually reserved for emergency cases or for people who have not been successful in treatment with medication or resorting to a change in diet.
This is an abdominal hernia, which is located in the navel area. It has a higher prevalence in children, more precisely in babies and with a higher incidence in females and premature babies.
When crying or coughing, the hernia becomes more visible. Despite the small bulge in the navel area, umbilical hernia is not considered serious. As a rule, this type of hernia tends to resolve itself by the end of the baby’s first year of life. However, if this does not happen, then it will be necessary to resort to surgical intervention.
Even so, this symptom can also be seen in adults, and in this case it is mostly due to some type of abdominal pressure. If in babies one of the main risk factors is the fact that they are premature, in adults it is obesity, being more common from 50 or 60 years old.
Like the umbilical hernia, the inguinal hernia is also an abdominal hernia, however, this one is more common and is distinguished by its location in the groin area. This type can occur shortly after the birth of the baby, and the prevalence is higher in males.
However, it can also occur in adulthood, especially when exerting yourself and if you have any weakness in your abdominal wall. Generally speaking, the symptoms are similar to umbilical hernia. However, another peculiarity of this type of injury is that it is only possible to correct it through surgery.
When this occurs in adulthood, we must also add the fact that it can reappear, that is, in general, it is again necessary to resort to surgery 4 years after it.