5G represents the next step in wireless broadband. It will improve our lives for the better! Mobile broadband is being offered at extremely high connection speeds. The 5G network will provide wider and more efficient coverage and provide faster data transfer.
The 4G network currently in use can offer an average speed of around 40 Mbps. Estimates suggest that 5G networks can offer speeds of 50 to 100 times faster, reaching 10 Gbps, gigabytes per second.
What this article covers:
What is this much hyped 5G?
5G stands for 5th Generation Mobile Network. It is a new wireless standard developed after 1G, 2G and 3G and the 4G network. 5G provides a different kind of network, designed to connect almost everything and everyone together, including objects, machines and devices.
THE 5G technology in Brazil, will be designed to deliver multi-Gbps higher peak speed data rates, ultra-low latency, as well as increased reliability, massive network capacity, improved availability, and a better user experience for a greater number of users. Performance and efficiency improvements enable new user experiences and also bring new businesses closer.
In 2014, a set of guidelines was defined in the GSMA, an international association of more than 1200 mobile radio, internet and mobile operators to help guide the process of introducing 5G networks. Of these we will highlight:
- 5G networks will consume up to 90% less energy than 4G networks.
- The connection time between mobile devices must be less than 5 milliseconds (milliseconds) due to an average latency of 30ms on 4G networks.
- The number of connected devices per zone should be 50 – 100 times greater than the current one.
- Rapid increases in radio receiver battery life should be considered.
Once the infrastructure is ready for the 5G network, reducing energy usage can lower the cost of future energy and make it more environmentally friendly. The shortest latency time that will allow communication between autonomous vehicles. This will allow the development of safety mechanisms to prevent accidents in cars, in addition to allowing the performance of remote surgeries by robots.
The increase in the number of devices connected per location will allow a massive growth of the global development of the “internet of things”. Lighting systems for residential and public lighting, smartphones and home appliances, monitors and heart rate monitoring, alarm centers, counters in parking lots or checkout counters and weather sensors, as well as many other devices, will be able to connect to each other using fifth-generation mobile networks. That means there is a myriad of possibilities, increasingly smart and connected for the streets, residential hospitals, businesses and other industries.
For example, your refrigerator can be programmed to tell you that a certain “item” is out of stock, as your Internet of Things connection will allow you to program it to ensure that you remotely purchase the item you are short of.
The short latency that 5G networks can provide could allow a vehicle’s brake system to quickly talk to the phones pedestrian, as well as smartwatches to avoid accidents when, for example, there is a great distance between them.
See also: How to speed up your Android’s 3G connection?
When will we be able to use the 5G network?
Anatel hosted the 5G auction yesterday (4) The auction was attended by several companies such as Claro, Vivo and TIM. The auction included four frequency bands. Offered for auction with the auction divided into regional and national lots. Of course, Vivo and TIM are the last three bands in the 3.5 millimeter range, considered the most important during the auction. Winity II Telecom obtained the 700 MHz band.
5G Service The 5G service should be offered by operators until July 2022. From then on, it will be offered in the capitals. It is likely to be fully operational by 2025 or later, at least in capital cities.
Which devices will use the 5G network?
Like all new technologies, 5G signal receivers are likely to launch at lower than reasonable prices, and over time they will become more affordable. It is anticipated that the first devices to fully utilize 5G technology will likely be smartphones.
In the near future, we can expect that as manufacturing costs drop, additional devices such as home appliances or wearable devices (bracelets and smart watch, for example), will likely be connected to the Internet. It is expected that 5G may, in the near future, even replace Wi-Fi in residential networks.
How much will access to the 5G network cost?
Anatel estimates that the 5G auction will cost around BRL 35 billion in radiofrequency grants, according to an estimate made on Friday, February 26, by the agency’s president, Leonardo Morais. These are the initial numbers that will be analyzed by the Federal Court of Auditors.
“In relation to the initial calculations that are still being analyzed by the TCU, the business plan is somewhat questionable. We have great respect for spectral assets, but no obligations, so we estimate the potential cost to be around R$33 billion to around R$35 billion. In twenty years more than R$180 billion in investments could be created”, said Morais. Morais at an event for journalists.
R$35 billion is, therefore, the estimated price for the frequency auctioned in the auction. The costs of the coverage commitments attributed to the winning companies involved in the case are removed. This results in the lowest frequency cost. Based on data from Anatel, this commitment is R$23 billion.