Cooking gas (LPG) is a fundamental element in the lives of millions of people around the world. This is because it is through this substance that it becomes possible to cook food, not only in familiar environments but also in commercial establishments, such as restaurants and snack bars.
After a long trajectory of increases, the price of cooking gas began to fall to the delight of millions of Brazilians.
Petrobras announced a new change in cylinder prices, and this will directly affect the Brazilian consumer’s pocket. According to the proposed information, the reduction is part of Petrobras’ pricing policy, which tends to follow a market weighting.
“This reduction accompanies the evolution of reference prices and is consistent with Petrobras’ pricing practice, which seeks to balance its prices with the market, but without passing on to domestic prices the conjunctural volatility of quotations and the exchange rate ”, informed the company.
This is the fifth consecutive decline. The last announcement of price change had been in November, the price of LPG had been readjusted, in a low of 5.2%. According to the ANP (National Agency of Petroleum, Natural Gas and Biofuels), in early December the average price per 13-kilogram cylinder in Brazil is R$ 109.75. The highest value was R$ 150 and the lowest, R$ 80. Today, the company began to take another price reduction, that of gasoline and diesel. Diesel will be R$ 0.40 cheaper, from R$ 4.89 to R$ 4.49 a liter — an 8.17% discount. Gasoline will fall 6.09% or R$ 0.20, going from R$ 3.28 to R$ 3.08 per liter.
The Fall in Cooking Gas Prices:
The announced drop is 5.3% in the value of cooking gas, considering the substance sold in its refineries, as of December 8th.
In this way, due to the new reduction, the value of the kilo went from R$ 3.7842 to R$ 3.5842. Considering the average value of a 13 kg cylinder, therefore, the total is R$ 46.59. However, this is the value that reaches distributors, not consumers.
In relation to the new price for consumers, the value fell by around R$ 0.3%. That is, the price went from R$ 110.019 to R$ 109.85. The weighting of the average price is defined based on information provided by the National Agency of Petroleum, Natural Gas and Biofuels (ANP).
To understand better, first of all, it is necessary to know what process is necessary for cooking gas to reach consumers’ kitchens. Well, the substance passes through Petrobras, where the refinery process takes place, that is, so that it is able to be used by the most diverse families and establishments.
After that, Petrobras carries out the necessary process for the sale of cooking gas, where the transfer to the distributors takes place, therefore, these distributors are responsible for making the entire journey to the consumer, from transportation, sale, delivery, added value that refers to the profit of the companies that are involved in the cooking gas distribution chains, several other issues, such as tax, for example.
For this reason, the value that reaches the consumer is somewhat higher than that for distributors. This is because it is necessary to consider precisely all the distribution work regarding the transport and sale of gas throughout the country.
However, what matters most in this whole process is the value that comes to consumers. With the change in prices, it is expected that the public will also receive the reduced amount.
Therefore, the average price of cooking gas decreased by around 0.3%. Thus, it goes from R$ 110.19 to R$ 109.85. According to the survey carried out by the National Agency of Petroleum, Natural Gas and Biofuels (ANP).
It is worth remembering that recent times have not been good for consumers. That’s because until last month, LPG values were on an upward trajectory: in March, the cooking gas sold by Petrobras had been readjusted by 16.1%. In October last year, the high had been 7.2%. And in July of the same year, 6%.
Data released this month by the National Agency of Petroleum, Natural Gas and Biofuels (ANP) showed that July had the lowest consumption of cooking gas in the last 11 years, even surpassing the drop registered in the first half, when a decrease of 4.5% in demand, informed the Social Observatory of Petroleum (OSP).
According to the survey updated by the ANP until July 2022, the drop in the sale of Liquefied Petroleum Gas (LPG) was 10.9% compared to the same month of 2021.
Furthermore, it is valid to say that the gas cylinder went through high values, considering a certain period of the year, these increases not only reached the price of gas that reached the home of common Brazilians, but also the price of fuels, such as gasoline and ethanol.
With so many highs, a way to guarantee that Brazilians in situations of social vulnerability have the right to cooking gas, the Vale-Gás social program was created. This option is available to many low-income families.
The Ministry of Citizenship passed this December on for the last time in the year. Thus, the portion should reach the population in the amount of approximately R$ 109. It is worth remembering that in the middle of the year a Proposed Amendment to the Constitution temporarily changed the rules.
Thus, originally the amount was 50% for those who benefit from the program. However, since the approval of the PEC, these people began to receive the total average value of the product. It is worth remembering that the amount refers to a 13-kilogram kitchen gas cylinder.
Currently, there are approximately 5.9 million families who can receive the amount available, which will soon be made available by Auxilio Brasil.
Despite the reduction in the prices of the product about three weeks ago, the cost still weighs on the consumer’s pocket, but these subsequent drops bring hope to Brazilians who have suffered so much throughout the year with the rise in prices of an item so essential in the livelihood of the families.