Diet and physical activity
Eating habits have become a concern due to the increase in childhood obesity in the country, which varies according to age, gender and socioeconomic status. Spanish children tend to consume diets high in processed foods and low in fruits and vegetables, which can increase the risk of chronic diseases. In addition, Spanish children tend to spend a lot of time in front of screens, playing video games or watching television.
As for physical activity, they usually practice sports such as football and basketball, ride a bicycle or go to school regularly. Despite this, the sedentary lifestyle of children has increased due to the proliferation of electronic devices and the lack of green spaces in cities.
An unbalanced diet
Consumption of sweets
Excess consumption of added sugar can have negative health effects, such as obesity, diabetes, and cavities. Spanish children, like children from other countries, face these risks due to the high amount of added sugar in their diet.
Spanish children consume too much sugar compared to what is recommended by the World Health Organization (WHO), according to a study by the Ministry of Agriculture and Fisheries, Food and Environment. Children between the ages of 3 and 9 in Spain consume an average of 12 tablespoons of added sugar per day, compared to 16 tablespoons per day for children between the ages of 10 and 18, according to a study. This is well above the WHO recommended maximum of 6 tablespoons per day for children and young people.
A number of measures have been taken to address this problem, including promoting healthy eating, educating about the risks of consuming too much added sugar, and taxing foods and beverages high in added sugar. Campaigns have also been launched to educate parents and children on the importance of limiting added sugar and choosing healthier options.
Measures to improve eating habits
In conclusion, the eating habits of Spanish children are similar to those of other countries in Europe and North America, with some differences in terms of diet and physical activity; however, measures are being taken to improve health, welfare and adapt the educational system to the current needs of Spanish children.
These measures include promoting a healthy diet and physical activity, as well as implementing policies to reduce children’s screen time. Efforts are also being carried out to improve the educational system in which critical thinking and creativity are encouraged among Spanish children.