Alopecia is characterized by hair loss or thinning. There are several types, as well as different treatments available. Meet them.
There is talk of alopecia when it turns out that there is less hair on the head. There are several types of alopecia, and it usually manifests itself more on the top of the scalp.
This is a condition characterized by thinner, shorter and fewer hairs, which is related to resting hair follicles. Alopecia can be occasional or progressive, pathological or physiological. Know more.
Alopecia: everything you need to know about this problem
The main symptom of alopecia is even hair loss, which can affect men, women and even children of any age. One of the warning signs is when you start to find a lot of hair on the pad or brush.
However, in addition to the decrease in capillary density, there are other symptoms, such as: the existence of hair loss; the appearance of scars; and other manifestations, such as desquamation, pimples, nodules or pus drainage.
types of alopecia
There are several types of alopecia. Get to know some of them.
- Androgenetic Alopecia (baldness): this is the most frequent type, usually affecting men.
- Alopecia Areata: mainly characterized by hair loss or hair loss in localized areas, such as the head, beard or eyebrows. It is more recurrent in young people.
- Cicatricial Alopecia: at its origin, there may be wounds, burns or infections.
- Diffuse Alopecia: characterized by a diffuse and temporary hair loss, caused by factors such as stress or poor diet.
- Alopecia Follicularis: This is due to inflammation of the hair follicles.
- Alopecia Neurotica: is related to hair loss associated with nervous diseases or injuries to the nervous system.
- Premature Alopecia: can manifest itself in childhood or adolescence.
- Alopecia senilis: manifests itself mainly among the elderly.
- Alopecia Totalis: characterized by total hair loss across the entire scalp.
- Tractional Alopecia / by Traction: this is a hair loss caused by the use of certain hairstyles or accessories, such as hats or tight caps.
- Traumatic Alopecia: hair loss can also be related to a fungal infection, caused by a parasite, and is more frequent in childhood.
Causes and Diagnosis
Alopecia may be associated with an external factor such as stress, depression and anxiety🇧🇷 post childbirth; bad eating habits; dysfunctions in thyroid🇧🇷 medication (for hypertension and for the cholesterol, for example); or surgeries. In these cases, there may be a decrease in the number of hairs, which may vary in intensity or duration.
In other situations, alopecia may be related to damage to a part of the follicle, which may have a genetic origin or be caused by inflammatory and infectious diseases or even common baldness. In these cases, there is even room for the death of hair cells.
Whenever you register hair loss above normal or for no apparent reason, you should visit a dermatologist in order to understand what is going on. Only a specialist is able to properly examine the hair and scalp, and may resort to tests such as trichoscopy to determine the origin, severity and most appropriate therapy for each case.
There are a number of possible types of treatment, including:
- Topics: When topical application products are prescribed, namely shampoos that combat hair loss.loss
- Systemic: In this case, orally administered drugs are recommended, which aim to block the action of the hormone that may be weakening the hair follicle. Multivitamins/trace elements can also be useful in the treatment of some cases.
- Innovative techniques: In some cases, hair laser can contribute to increased hair growth and density. In other situations, microneedling can be a very effective technique in capillary repopulation.
- Surgical: In this situation, a hair transplant is performed, more specifically the Follicular Unit Transplantation (FUT). The procedure consists of removing hair from the donor areas and introducing them into the micro holes made in the region where the alopecia is most evident. Initially, this transplanted hair will fall out, later reborn, already with a more natural appearance. This procedure takes about 4 to 5 hours. One of its possible side effects is swelling of the eyelids 2 to 4 days after the transplant.
Although alopecia may have a genetic cause or be associated with the aging process itself, there are habits that it is important to adopt throughout life and that can contribute to stronger and more nourished hair.
Therefore, it is advisable to maintain a healthy lifestyle, namely by making a balanced diet and practicing regular physical activity🇧🇷 At some stages, it may be important to take nutritional supplements🇧🇷
Good scalp hygiene is also essential, as is brushing your hair daily. You should also avoid some more aggressive hair procedures and products, such as perms, straightening, coloring and the use of chemicals.