A Conjunctivitis is eye condition common. It is characterized by inflammation or infection of the conjunctiva, which is the thin, clear mucous membrane that covers the surface of the eye and the inside of the eyelids.
This disease can affect one or both eyes and is highly contagious. In addition, it can spread easily through direct contact with hands, contaminated objects or through air droplets.
Know the symptoms and treatment for Conjunctivitis
Symptoms of conjunctivitis include redness of the eyes, swelling and itching, as well as a feeling of sand or burning in the eyes. It is also common for there to be tearing and eye discharge, which can be transparent, white or yellowish, depending on the cause of the conjunctivitis. In more severe cases, sensitivity to light, blurred vision, or loss of vision may occur.
Conjunctivitis and its causes
There are several causes of conjunctivitis, including viral, bacterial, or fungal infections. Viral conjunctivitis is the most common and can be caused by viruses that also cause common colds or respiratory infections, such as adenovirus.
bacteria like Staphylococcus aureus or Streptococcus pneumoniae are caused by bacterial conjunctivitis. Fungal conjunctivitis is rare, but it can occur in people with weakened immune systems or who have been exposed to humid or hot environments.
In addition, conjunctivitis can also be caused by allergic reactions, such as pollen, dust or pet dander, or by chemical irritations, such as exposure to chemicals or smoke. Sometimes conjunctivitis can be a sign of another disease, such as herpes or an autoimmune disease.
To prevent conjunctivitis, it is important to take some preventive measures, such as:
Wash your hands regularly:
Washing your hands is one of the simplest and most effective ways to prevent conjunctivitis. Wash your hands regularly with soap and water, especially before touching your eyes. If soap and water are not available, you can use an alcohol-based hand sanitizer.
Avoid sharing personal items:
Conjunctivitis is highly contagious and can be spread easily by sharing towels, wipes, makeup, contact lenses and other personal items. It is important not to share these items with others to prevent the spread of the disease.
Avoid contact with infected people:
Conjunctivitis can easily spread from person to person. Avoid close contact with people who are infected or who have symptoms of conjunctivitis, such as redness, swelling, and eye discharge.
Avoid contact with irritating substances:
Contact with irritating substances such as dust, smoke, chemicals and chlorine can irritate the eyes and lead to conjunctivitis. It is important to avoid contact with these substances whenever possible.
Wearing protective eyewear when swimming in pools or doing activities that can cause eye irritation, such as sports, gardening, or construction work, can help prevent conjunctivitis. Goggles help prevent dust, dirt, or chemical particles from getting into your eyes.
Maintain good personal hygiene:
Maintaining good personal hygiene is important to prevent conjunctivitis. Wash your face and hair regularly and keep your hands clean. Avoid touching eyes with dirty or contaminated hands.
Avoid scratching your eyes:
Scratching your eyes with dirty hands can lead to conjunctivitis. It is important to avoid scratching your eyes and use a tissue or a clean cloth to clean your eyes if necessary.
Keeping the house clean:
Keeping your home clean and free of dust, pet dander, and other allergens can help prevent conjunctivitis. Regularly clean surfaces and keep the environment free of mold and moisture.
Contact lens care:
If you wear contact lenses, it’s important to keep them clean and properly disinfected. Follow your ophthalmologist’s instructions for cleaning and disinfecting contact lenses and avoid wearing them for long periods.
Treatment for Conjunctivitis
Treatment for conjunctivitis varies depending on the underlying cause. If it is caused by a bacterial infection, treatment includes giving antibiotics in the form of eye drops, ointments or pills.
Viral conjunctivitis is not treated with antibiotics, but symptoms can be relieved with cold compresses, artificial tears, and antiviral medications in severe cases.
Allergic conjunctivitis can be treated with anti-allergy eye drops and avoiding contact with the allergen causing the reaction. If the conjunctivitis is caused by a chemical irritation, it is important to flush the eyes with clean water and seek medical attention immediately if exposure to hazardous substances has occurred.
More about the disease
In summary, some measures can be taken to prevent conjunctivitis. Including washing hands regularly, avoiding contact with irritants, avoiding sharing towels, makeup, contact lenses and other personal items with others. Also, it’s always good to avoid direct contact with infected people.
Conjunctivitis is an inflammation of the conjunctiva. It can be caused by a variety of factors, including infections, allergies, irritations and neoplasms. The main symptoms include red eyes, pain, itching and tearing.
The diagnosis must be made by an ophthalmologist and the treatment varies according to the cause. Some preventive measures can be taken to avoid conjunctivitis, such as regular hand washing and avoiding sharing personal items.
If you suspect you have conjunctivitis, it’s important to seek medical help to get proper treatment and avoid complications.
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