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Allergic rhinitis: symptoms, treatments and prevention

22% of Portuguese have allergic rhinitis. Fortunately, this pathology has a solution and the secret is prevention.

THE allergic rhinitis It is an inflammation of the nasal mucosa caused by an exaggerated response of the immune system to allergenic particles, such as pollen, dust mites or animal dander. These particles, when coming into contact with the airways, trigger an immune reaction.

Allergic rhinitis affects up to 1 in 5 people, mostly in childhood. It can gradually decrease when a person reaches their 30s or 40s, and in about 10 to 20% of people it disappears completely. If not properly treated, it can lead to complications and decrease the quality of life of those who suffer from this pathology.

Allergic rhinitis: what are the most common symptoms?

Some of the most common symptoms of allergic rhinitis are:

  • nasal discharge;
  • stuffy nose (nasal congestion);
  • itchy nose, roof of mouth and throat;
  • sneezing;
  • dark circles or red, watery eyes.

Some people may also complain of: headaches; wheezing; cough; difficulty sleeping; decreased sense of smell; tiredness.

Is there a treatment for allergic rhinitis?

If you suffer from allergic rhinitis, in addition to avoiding the agents that cause the allergic reaction, your doctor may recommend some medications to help alleviate the symptoms. Commonly recommended treatment options are anti-allergy drugs (help relieve symptoms of the allergic reaction) and corticosteroids (help control inflammation and relieve symptoms).

7 important measures to combat allergic rhinitis!

1) Consult your doctor in order to know specifically what causes the allergic reaction;

two) Try to identify if there is any time of year when symptoms are more acute;

3) Avoid the agent causing the allergic reaction;

4) If pollen is the factor that triggers the allergic reaction, you can: keep the doors and windows of the house closed, especially on the hottest or windiest days; using the car’s air conditioning instead of opening the windows; using the clothes dryer instead of hanging out clothes on the street; wear sunglasses with side protection; avoid trips to the countryside or parks, favoring walks by the sea;

5) If dust mites are the factors that trigger the allergic reaction, you can: keep the house free of dust; remove carpets and rugs; control humidity;

6) If animal hair is the triggering factor for the allergic reaction, you can: avoid contact with animals, keeping them out of the house; do, on a regular basis, nasal washes with saline solution or saline solutions;

7) Do not smoke.

How to keep your home allergic rhinitis proof in 6 steps

woman with headaches

1.

Bet on air circulation!

It’s a golden rule: let your house air out every day at least for a few minutes! Take advantage, for example, when you leave the house, to leave the windows a little open. This will make it less likely that moisture and mold will accumulate on the walls, so friendly with allergic rhinitis.

two.

Sanitize home textiles

Dust mites are little animals that love our beds, our carpets and even our curtains! Also, these are all places where dust easily accumulates.

Change the sheets at least once a week and take the opportunity to vacuum the mattress, and bet on a good cleaning of the rugs and carpets in your home, preferably with a vacuum cleaner that runs on water.

Curtains should also be washed at least once a month.

The bathroom is a true cocoon for the accumulation of mold if proper hygiene is not maintained. After a shower, when the vapors accumulate, leave the door open for the air to circulate and bet on washing the tiles at least once a month.

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4.

Care for the fur of animals

Our four-legged companion doesn’t just need care in terms of food and walking. It’s essential to keep your fur clean, because if you don’t brush it properly (at least once a week), the dead hair will be spreading around the house and will become a real attack on your allergic rhinitis!

In addition to being easier to keep the house organized and clean, it makes the environment less appetizing to dust and other less healthy particles. Choose to have a few pieces of decoration and “trinkets” scattered around your home, your allergies will thank you!

Are you one of those people who can only sleep with the bedroom door closed? Know that this habit is not at all healthy… By closing the door you are creating a real micro-climate for the accumulation of mites and dust in the place where it supposedly should be more “breathable” for a good night’s sleep.

See too

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  • Do you know what allergy tests are for?

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