Walmart’s history dates back to 1962 when sam walton He opened his first Walmart store in Rogers, Arkansas.
Today, Walmart is one of the largest and most recognized companies in the world, with a presence in more than 27 countries and more than 11,300 stores worldwide.
Since its inception, Walmart has experienced steady growth and has evolved to become a leader in the global retail industry. Do you want to know the entire history of Walmart, from its humble beginnings to its current position as one of the largest retailers in the world?
The beginnings in the history of Walmart
Walmart’s history began in 1962 when sam walton He opened his first Walmart store in Rogers, Arkansas.
Walton had previously worked at JC Penney and local retailer Ben Franklin Stores, but he was eager to start his own store.
the first store Walmart was a discount store that sold products at lower prices than the competition.
Instead of focusing on selling brand name products, Walmart focused on selling generic products, which allowed the company to reduce costs and offer lower prices to consumers.
As the store grew in popularity, Walton began to expand his company. In 1964, he opened his second Walmart store in Harrison, Arkansas, and by 1967, Walmart had 24 stores, all within the state of Arkansas, with sales of $12.6 million.
Walmart growth and expansion
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In the years that followed, Walmart expanded rapidly into new states and cities. In 1968, he expanded outside of Arkansas, opening stores in Sikeston, Missouri, and Claremore, Oklahoma.
Kansas was the next state it expanded into, and Walmart as a company was incorporated in Delaware in October 1969.
In May 1972, Walmart went public on the United States stock exchange, with a market price of $47. Since then the expansion of the supermarket has been growing potentially over the years, creating the history of Walmart to this day.
In 1973, he opened his first store in Tennessee, and in 1974 he expanded to Kentucky and Mississippi. A year later, in 1975, he arrived in Texas.
When Walmart expanded into Texas, the company already had more than 125 stores in operation with 7,500 employees and total sales of $340.3 million.
Initial Walmart acquisitions
In 1977, Walmart made its first acquisition of stores. Mohr-Value, which operated in Missouri and Illinois. Mohr-Value stores were fully absorbed by Walmart and assumed full ownership of its operations.
Already in 1978, he acquired Hutcheson Shoe Companymarking the first time that Walmart ventured into new sectors such as: pharmacy, automotive service center and jewelry.
For this, Walmart launched a division that catered to each of the new product lines and began to offer them in its stores.
And in 1981, Walmart acquired about 92 of the stores. Kuhn’s Big K, which were located primarily in the southeastern United States. This allowed it to gain a firm foothold in the southeastern United States market.
The 21st century: Walmart competing online
The incorporation of new technologies and the online shopping experience for users led to the decline of physical retail.
Walmart’s history would then be marked by another milestone, the launch of online sales in its supermarket chain.
Competing against Amazon
Walmart, competing online, has been in a constant fight with Amazon. And it is that Amazon is the first thing we think of when we talk about online retail for users in most parts of the world.
This makes Amazon a major competitor to Walmart. Which led Walmart to shift its focus towards the online sectors, launching his own Walmart.com e-commerce store in 2007.
The website allows customers to order online, schedule an in-store or curbside pickup time, or simply have the option of home delivery.
Walmart.com also offers a wide range of products including, but not limited to, groceries, clothing, furniture, electronics, housewares, tools, and toys.
Besides, Walmart.com has also integrated technology into its services. The online store offers a voice search feature that allows customers to search for products simply by speaking to their device.
Walmart’s struggle for online sales
In 2015, Walmart partnered with Google to offer the option to shop through Google Home, a virtual assistant device from Google.
For example, customers can say: “OK, Google, talk to Walmart.” and then through interaction placing an order online.
The following year, in 2016, Walmart launched Walmart Pay, a digital payment tool for customers to pay for purchases with their smartphones.
The feature allows customers to add credit or debit cards to their Walmart Pay account and make in-store payments by scanning a QR code.
In 2017, Walmart acquired e-commerce startup Jet.com for $3.3 billion. The Jet.com acquisition didn’t just give Walmart a growing e-commerce platform.
It also allowed the company to attract younger, urban customers who were interested in online shopping.
The acquisition also allowed Walmart to increase its presence in major US cities such as New York and San Francisco.
Challenges of the 21st century for the history of Walmart
The 21st century also brought new challenges and business opportunities for Walmart.
With increasing competition from e-commerce and the decline in physical retail, Walmart had to adapt.
Evolving to maintain its position as one of the world’s leading retailers became a necessity.
In 2005, Walmart began experimenting with eco-friendly stores, opening two test stores in Texas and Colorado.
These stores featured different green technologies, such as photovoltaic solar panels and wind turbines, to reduce the environmental impact of store operations.
Increased competition from organic food supermarkets such as Whole Foods and Wild Oats presented a significant challenge for Walmart, as it is the largest supermarket chain in the United States.
In response, Walmart announced in 2006 that it would increase the amount of organic foods available in its stores.
However, the real threat to Walmart came with the rise of e-commerce. Walmart had to change its approach and focus on selling online to compete with Amazon and other online retail platforms.
In addition to its focus on e-commerce, Walmart has also expanded its international presence. In 2009, the company entered the Indian market by partnering with Bharti, and in 2011, it acquired 51% of Massmart Holdings, giving it access to African countries such as South Africa, Ghana and Nigeria.
Walmart’s history to the present day
In recent years, Walmart has continued to innovate and evolve. For example, has invested in technologies such as artificial intelligence and robotics to improve the efficiency of store operations and the customer experience.
In addition, the company has placed a greater emphasis on sustainability, with the goal of reaching zero carbon emissions in its global operations by 2040.
The inspiring history of Waltmart and its incredible figures
Today, Walmart has positioned itself as one of the largest retailers in the world, with more than 11,300 stores worldwide and more than 2 million employees.
The company earns an average profit of about $1.8 million per hour.
In fact, Walmart is still much larger than other big-name retailers, such as Home Depot, Kroger, Target, Sears, Costco, and K-Mart, in terms of revenue.
There is no doubt that the history of Walmart is part of the business success stories worldwide.
Driven by the vision and determination of its founder Sam Walton; From humble beginnings as a small store in Arkansas, Walmart has grown to become one of the largest and most influential supermarket retailers in the world.